The Indian Railway Stations Growth Company (IRSDC) is a particular objective car and a three way partnership firm of Rail Land Growth Authority (RLDA), RITES and Ircon Worldwide. IRSDC has the authority to develop stations for the mandated functions with out requiring approvals from native authorities. Spearheading it’s S.Okay. Lohia, MD & CEO, IRSDC who shares with Ashish Sinha of BW Businessworld an outline of the initiatives which were accomplished, or are nearing completion and the general imaginative and prescient of this mega challenge.
What are the stations the place work has been accomplished or is nearing completion?
Gujarat’s Gandhinagar Capital Railway Station, symbolising the brand new face of Indian Railways, was just lately devoted to the nation by the Prime Minister. The station has a number of firsts to its credit score, together with a five-star resort over stay railway tracks and a one-of-its-kind columnfree platform roof with the biggest span in Indian Railways. It’s a distinctive, column-free, smooth, and economical house body of 99 metres (105 m curvilinear) span over the platform (longest such span in Indian Railways comprising 120 kg/sqm metal solely) with all-weather proof aluminium sheeting. One other station nearing completion is Habibganj Railway Station, Bhopal. It’s being redeveloped by IRSDC together with Bansal Group’s Bansal Pathways Habibganj beneath a public-private partnership (PPP) mannequin. The redevelopment work is modelled on the traces of Germany’s Heidelberg Railway Station with amenities at par with worldwide requirements. The redeveloped Habibganj Railway Station is the primary in India to get a 5 GEM score in GEM Sustainability Certification for Inexperienced, Sustainable Design and Eco-friendly Mission by ASSOCHAM.
Which station redevelopment took the shortest time to finish?
IRSDC is dedicated to delivering initiatives inside the scheduled time. The redevelopment of Gandhinagar and Habibganj stations has been completed delivered regardless of the constraints posed by the continued Covid-19 pandemic and the challenges of being the primary such really brownfield redevelopment initiatives of Indian Railways. Nonetheless, each redeveloped station has distinctive traits, complexities and scale. Therefore, it could not be applicable to check the time taken for the redevelopment of every station.
Give us an thought of the redevelopment value.
The Gandhinagar Railway Station challenge together with a five-star resort has been redeveloped as a brownfield challenge beneath an engineering, procurement and building (EPC) settlement signed in April 2017 at an approximate value of Rs 799.30 crore. The station has a built-up space of 75,201 sq metres, of which the station space contains 19,551 sq metres, the resort space is 48,447 sq metres, and the auxiliary space is 7,203 sq metres. The overall value of the station upgradation is Rs 71.50 crore. The overall redeveopment value of Habibganj Railway Station is Rs 400 crore, out of which Rs 100 crore has been spent on station redevelopment whereas the remaining on business growth. The work on Bijwasan Railway Station, New Delhi, is underway, and the approximate value of this challenge is Rs 270 crore. The redevelopment value of the long-lasting CSMT Station, Mumbai, is pegged at Rs 1,642 crore.
What’s the scale of the Station Redevelopment Mission?
The Station Redevelopment Mission is an intrinsic part of the Good Cities Mission to redefine the trajectory of city growth and spur financial actions. As a part of this agenda, work on the redevelopment of 125 stations is underway. Out of those, IRSDC is engaged on 63 stations and RLDA on 60 stations. As per present estimates, the funding wanted for the redevelopment of 125 stations together with actual property growth is about Rs 50,000 crore.
What number of stations will probably be getting accomplished by December 31, 2021? What number of will probably be accomplished by March 31, 2022?
The work at Bijwasan (Delhi) by IRSDC and Gomtinagar (Lucknow), Ayodhya, Delhi Safdarjung and Ajni (Nagpur) stations is being undertaken by Railways and different companies. The redevelopment of the long-lasting Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) is among the flagship initiatives of IRSDC. 9 bidders have been shortlisted within the RFQ (request for qualification) course of, and IRSDC will quickly float an RFP (request for proposal). An EPC contract has been awarded for the redevelopment of Bijwasan Railway Station, New Delhi, and the work is in progress. RFQ for the redevelopment of Udaipur, Surat and Udhna stations has been just lately floated. Other than these, IRSDC may even shortly invite RFP for the redevelopment of Gwalior, Nagpur, Amritsar, Sabarmati railway stations. We’re engaged on a number of initiatives in coordination with the Railway Board. RFQs for the redevelopment of Andheri, Jaipur, Gandhinagar (Jaipur), Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Asansol, Ranchi railway stations and lots of others are additionally in superior phases of approval. All bids floated up to now have acquired an encouraging response from builders. IRSDC has just lately acquired in-principle approval for entrustment of 90 stations for built-in facility administration to be developed beneath the PPP mannequin along with the 63 stations.
What are the important thing challenges in station redevelopment, and the way have they been tackled?
The foremost problem was to plot normal benchmarks and implement finest practices in station redevelopment as there was no precedent of such a mannequin in India and all the things needed to be completed from first rules. The foremost problem confronted in the course of the redevelopment of stations was finishing up building works in operational railway stations the place we needed to routinely work beneath energy/site visitors block i.e. the place trains should be stopped for a sure period and deliberate work must be accomplished in that period solely to keep away from disruption of regular practice companies.
We had to make sure that the redevelopment is finished with out considerably disturbing the site visitors/motion of trains. So, redevelopment work of a railway station is akin to conducting a beating coronary heart surgical procedure on an athlete whereas he’s operating the marathon. As an example, Gandhinagar Capital Railway Station is the primary to host a five-star resort over stay railway tracks. It’s a civil engineering feat that was executed following a well-thought-out technique. Vibration and acoustics research had been performed by way of a reputed worldwide marketing consultant to make sure the passengers within the concourse and friends within the resort don’t expertise discomfort in the course of the passage of trains.
A 937-metre-long elevated bridge was constructed to succeed in the resort at 22 metres from floor stage. The muse of the constructing can face up to a load of 12,000 tonnes because it makes use of columns of sizes 2.5m x 2.5m for load switch, 1,200 mm diameter piles as much as 35 metre depth resulting from restricted house on platforms. It marks a departure from standard constructing building methods. The load is so excessive that the pile cap was not doable, and all 78 piles on Platform 1 and the 82 piles on Platforms 2 & three had been mixed in a single raft, 2,500 mm deep. Pile load checks have been carried out with superimposed loading of three,000 tonnes. The CAPWAP (Case Pile Wave Evaluation Program) evaluation was additionally performed. The Habibganj challenge was a very brownfield challenge. The important thing challenges encountered in the course of the Habibganj Railway Station redevelopment had been associated to the novation of present contracts, design of air concourse, cowl over the platform, subway, deep excavation at operating platforms within the neighborhood of stay sign cables (107 pairs), scheme finalisation of air concourse building, and many others. in addition to execution of serious work of concourse/subways throughout site visitors block.
Please elaborate on the fund-raising train.
As per the instructions of the Ministry of Railways, a number of of the redevelopment initiatives are being undertaken within the PPP mode, and IRSDC is getting an enormous response from personal entities for ongoing and upcoming initiatives. We’re additionally planning to introduce a station growth payment at these stations as they’re key railway property, and actual property alone can not bear their upkeep prices. This station growth payment will kind a part of ticket prices to make sure that footfall just isn’t adversely affected at these stations.
Have you ever arrange city-specific SPVs?
The just lately inaugurated Gandhinagar Capital Railway Station was redeveloped by a three way partnership SPV — Gandhinagar Railway and City Growth (GARUD). It was fashioned with the fairness contribution of the Authorities of Gujarat and IRSDC within the ratio of 74:26. The challenge was conceptualised in 2016, with the Gujarat Worldwide Finance Tech (GIFT) metropolis in focus, with a view that it’ll emerge as a key worldwide finance centre on the traces of different worldfamous cities. Equally, redevelopment of Surat Railway Station will probably be carried out by IRSDC on behalf of a SPV, Surat Built-in Transportation Growth Company (SITCO), included beneath the Corporations Act, 2013 as a three way partnership amongst IRSDC, GSRTC and SMC, with the approval of the Ministry of Railways and Authorities of Gujarat. As we take up extra railway station redevelopment initiatives, the choice to kind city-specific SPVs will probably be taken primarily based on the challenge necessities.